Horizontal gene transfer in an acid mine drainage microbial community


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发布日期2017-09-22
资源类型报告
全部作者Jiangtao Guo, Qi Wang, Xiaoqi Wang, Fumeng Wang, Jinxian Yao and Huaiqiu Zhu
机构团队北京大学自然保护与社会发展研究中心
关键字Environmental microbes, Metagenome, Microevolution, Computational identification
引用方式Guo J, Wang Q, Wang X, et al. Horizontal gene transfer in an acid mine drainage microbial community[J]. BMC Genomics, 2015, 16(1):496.
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摘要

Background: Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) has been widely identified in complete prokaryotic genomes. However, the roles of HGT among members of a microbial community and in evolution remain largely unknown. With the emergence of metagenomics, it is nontrivial to investigate such horizontal flow of genetic materials among members in a microbial community from the natural environment. Because of the lack of suitable methods for metagenomics gene transfer detection, microorganisms from a low-complexity community acid mine drainage (AMD) with near-complete genomes were used to detect possible gene transfer events and suggest the biological significance. Results: Using the annotation of coding regions by the current tools, a phylogenetic approach, and an approximately unbiased test, we found that HGTs in AMD organisms are not rare, and we predicted 119 putative transferred genes. Among them, 14 HGT events were determined to be transfer events among the AMD members. Further analysis of the 14 transferred genes revealed that the HGT events affected the functional evolution of archaea or bacteria in AMD, and it probably shaped the community structure, such as the dominance of G-plasma in archaea in AMD through HGT. Conclusions: Our study provides a novel insight into HGT events among microorganisms in natural communities. The interconnectedness between HGT and community evolution is essential to understand microbial community formation and development.


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